Buprenorphine: Warnings, Dosages, and Interactions
Buprenorphine is used to relieve pain that is serious and requires an opioid painkiller but does not respond to other treatments. Buprenorphine is sold under a variety of brand names, including Buprenex.
Buprenorphine is a partial agonist for the mu-opioid receptor with a strong affinity. It does, however, reduce inherent activity more than other comprehensive mu-opioid agonists like heroin, oxycodone, or methadone. This means that buprenorphine binds to the opioid receptor preferentially and removes lesser affinity opioids without stimulating the receptor in the same way.
Dosages of Buprenorphine:
In patients battling opioid addiction, buprenorphine dosage is adjusted between 2 to 4 mg increments/decrements. It tries to hold patients in treatment and control opioid withdrawal symptoms. Doses are targeted around 16 mg sublingually once a day, ranging between 4 to 24 mg/day. The maximum dose in a day can be 24mg/ day, as higher doses have shown no clinical advantage.
For maintenance treatment, buprenorphine-naloxone is preferred together. Those who cannot take buprenorphine-naloxone should get unsupervised maintenance treatment with buprenorphine. Several aspects are taken into consideration before determining prescription quantity for unsupervised administration. They include stable living conditions and the security of patients.
This medication should be taken in conjunction with counseling and psychosocial assistance as part of a comprehensive treatment plan. Buprenorphine (without naloxone) is the ideal induction medicine. Unsupervised administration after induction should be limited to those who cannot tolerate buprenorphine/naloxone.
Adequate treatment doses should be administered as soon as possible, as slow induction over several days has been associated with more excellent dropout rates.
Buprenorphine is also administered for relief from pain. The initial dose should be 0.3 mg deep IM or slow IV. it can be repeated, if necessary, after 30 to 60 minutes. After that, switch to 0.3 mg IV/IM every 6 hours as needed. 0.3 mg is the maximum single dose
Administer extreme caution with IV, especially with the initial dose.mBe on the lookout for respiratory depression, particularly in the first 24 to 72 hours. Use the lowest effective dose for the shortest time consistent with the individual patient’s treatment goals
Buprenorphine has a high risk of abuse, misuse, and opioid addiction. Therefore, it is used in patients who have exhausted all the other treatment options.
Prescriber qualifications can be found in the prescribing information section. It is also available in a naloxone-assisted formulation. Reduce the dose if the patient has hepatic or renal impairment, respiratory problems, or is geriatric or debilitated.
Side effects of using Buprenorphine
Mild side effects of buprenorphine include:
- Low blood pressure (hypotension)
- Slow breathing
- Constricted pupils
- Spinning sensation (vertigo) Sweating
Severe side effects of Buprenorphine include:
- Abdominal cramps
- Blurred vision
- Dilated pupils
- Double vision
- Dry mouth
Does buprenorphine interact with other drugs?
If your doctor is prescribing this medication to treat your pain, they may already be aware of the possible drug side effects and be keeping an eye on you. Before starting, stopping, or changing the dosage of any medication, consult your doctor, health care provider, or pharmacist.
Severe interactions of buprenorphine include:
Buprenorphine is highly reactive and has severe interactions with at least 42 different drugs. It has moderate interactions with at least 195 different drugs.
Mild Interactions of buprenorphine include:
This list does not include all possible interactions or adverse effects of buprenorphine. Therefore, before using this product, tell your doctor or pharmacist about all your products. Even a single dose accidentally administered, especially to youngsters, can result in a lethal overdose.
Opioid Withdrawal Syndrome in Newborns:
Long-term opiate usage during pregnancy can cause neonatal opioid withdrawal syndrome. It can be fatal if not diagnosed and treated. Therefore, the treatment process must be managed according to neonatology professionals’ procedures.
Irritability, hyperactivity, an aberrant sleep pattern, tremor, vomiting, and diarrhea are symptoms of the syndrome. The onset, duration, and severity of neonatal opioid withdrawal syndrome depend on multiple factors. It includes the type of opioid used, time duration, the date, and the amount of the usage.
If an opioid is needed for a long time in a pregnant woman, inform her of the danger of neonatal opioid withdrawal syndrome and make sure she has access to proper treatment. Accidental exposure to even one dose, especially in children, can result in a fatal overdose
Buprenorphine naloxone is available in various dose forms, and there are also additional medicines that can be used to treat opioid use disorder or severe pain. Consult your healthcare physician to determine which option is best for you.